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If you’re a history buff, then you’ll love German castles.
Castles are scattered throughout the country, and some of the most famous ones can be found in Bavaria. You might think that such a thing could happen because invaders and attackers attacked Germany during the Middle Ages.
In fact, there are over 20.000 castles in Germany, with many being built during this time as protection against intruders.
The wealthy would build these fortresses to show their power, while today, they have been turned into hotels or museums for tourists to enjoy their beauty (examples include Neuschwanstein Castle).
Some famous examples of German castles are Burg Hohenzollern and Schloss Neuschwanstein.
If you want to explore Germany’s castles, then all you have to do is come on down!
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Why does Germany have so many castles?
The answer to this question lies in the region’s history and geography. Back in the Middle Ages, Germany was a collection of small states that their neighbors constantly threatened.
To protect themselves against invasion, they built castles to serve as bases for military operations and strongholds when under attack.
One hundred years after the fall of the Roman Empire, Europe had become a collection of smaller states constantly at war with each other. In these times, castles were considered necessary defenses against invasion.
Siegfried von Feuchtwangen was one of the first to construct an imposing castle in Germany during the 12th century. Later on, more and more emerged throughout central and southern Germany.
By the time this activity was at its height, in the 14th century, there were more than 100 castles in Bavaria alone. It’s no wonder then that Germany has so many castles!
What kinds of castles are found in Germany?
There are two different types of castles present in Germany: hill and water castles.
Of all castles that exist in Germany, the majority were hilltop fortresses.
For example, there are more than 2,000 in Bavaria alone! Hill castle construction began during the 11th century, and many of them date back to this time.
Since 1,000 years ago, a lot has changed, but most have remained intact.
The most impressive hilltop fortresses were the so-called “Ehrenburgen” or “Honor Castles.”
The name comes from their purpose: when a person fought well in battle, the lord of the area would grant him land, including an old castle. Then that person had to protect his newly-won land from the enemy.
Because of their difficult positioning, these castles needed to be constructed solely out of rock and were only accessible via a narrow path or bridge. To reach the gate, attackers had to walk across this narrow pathway in full view of its defenders.
Bavaria is home to the most significant number of hilltop castles. It is also known for its many unique examples, like the burg of Trifels or Dankwarderode Castle.
Many hilltop castles were built with a moat surrounding them to keep invaders from reaching the gate and to prevent people on tour from crossing over it. For this reason, they are very often called “Motte and Bailey” castles.
The Motte is the high, artificial hill on which the castle was built; next to it is a deep and wide moat surrounding a wooden structure called Bailey – or more precisely: an outer bailey or lower ward.
This area surrounded by water served as additional protection for the people living inside of it.
Is there any other reason for the abundance of castles in Germany?
In addition, historically, the central government in Germany was weak, and its sovereignty was limited to only certain territories.
After unification, it remained in this condition until the end of World War II. Meanwhile, local lords and dukes had a lot of power in their respective regions.
Therefore, they built castles as military strongholds to make it easier for them to defend their lands from invaders.
The short answer is: No one knows for sure. Historians agree that there must be at least 20,000 castles, towers, and ruins in Germany.
The first German castle was built on the Wartburg in 917 A.D.; since then, castles have been a common sight. Most castles were built in the 14th century to protect people from invaders and dangerous animals (wolves). Some contain buildings that are 800 years old.
The Germans’ love for castles is still solid today: Castles are used as museums, restaurants, hotels, and even homes.
Many of the buildings have been renovated and made into hotels that attract tourists worldwide. People come here not only because the scenery is beautiful but also to experience life long ago.
With so many castles in Germany, it’s no wonder that the country is called “Land of a Thousand Castles.”
Why is the Neuschwanstein Castle so famous?
The Neuschwanstein Castle is one of the most famous castles in Germany. It was built by Queen Victoria’s son, Ludwig II, during the 19th century.
The castle was supposed to appear as part of Wagner’s opera, Lohengrin, and King Ludwig wanted his home to be like Camelot.
The castle inspired Walt Disney when he created Disneyland, which may explain why Disneyland has so many Victorian touches.
The foundation for the castle included a railroad that would take visitors from a tunnel near Hohenschwangau up to an artificial lake that surrounds the castle.
There are replicas of medieval bridges and towers that surround this fantasy wonderland that overlooks the beautiful Alps. The site is so well-known that you can even take a tour of the castle’s interiors.
Guests are allowed to see King Ludwig’s bedroom, his throne room, and the main hall.
Since it was first opened, over 50 million people have visited this castle. The Neuschwanstein Castle is one of the most popular tourist sites in all of Europe!
Who built the Hambach Castle?
The Hambach Castle, also known as the Rhine Castles, was built by Duke Frederic of Salzburg in 1388.
The castle consists of three different castles, and it was used as a royal residence until the 18th century.
In January 1794, one of the most important battles between Germans and French troops was nearby Bingen. A statue of Goethe towers over this area today and serves to remind the world that Germany is home to great thinkers as well!
The Hambach Castle was under heavy fire during World War II: It was captured by American troops on March 8, 1945.
After only a short time, it was abandoned, looted, and destroyed. The American troops made the ruins into an observation tower, and that is how it remains today.
What is the most beautiful castle in German?
The most beautiful castle in German is the Neuschwanstein Castle, built by Ludwig II and is located in Schwangau.
This castle has been a popular tourist destination in this area because of its beauty. This castle has an excellent architectural design, meticulously planned out to be symmetrical and balanced.
There are canals found on either side of the castle that makes for an excellent background sound when visiting the place.
Visitors can experience different items from the royal family’s life at this location, too, including what Ludwig II used as toys as a child.
The Hohenschwangau Castle is another famous castle in the area. This castle is located on top of a hill, and it can be seen from afar.
The main draw to this castle is its scenic view and the fascinating history behind it. This was one of Ludwig II’s castles, but the place was sold to his brother when he died (with no heir), who made a museum out of it.
The Neuschwanstein Castle is a popular tourist destination in Germany because of its beauty.
How can you reach this castle?
You’re able to go there by train, bus or car from any of the major cities in Germany.
However, this castle is mainly used as a starting point for tourists to go on then and explore more of what Bavaria has to offer throughout its castles and countryside.
To get there by train, visitors can take the blue route from Munich Main Station to Fussen (there is also an option for taking the red course, which is a fast train that makes more stops than the blue line).
Visitors can also take the bus from any of the major cities in Germany.
How long does it take to get there?
It takes about 1 hour and 45 minutes to get by train, or 1 hour and 10 minutes by car (there might be some traffic depending on the time of day, so keep that in mind).
Visitors can go there by train or car.
How much does it cost to get there?
When you buy a Bayern-Ticket (8 Euros and includes your transportation within Bavaria for a whole day), the price is included.
For tourists from other countries, a single-person ticket is about 10 Euros.
What is the most giant castle in Germany?
The Bodensee Castle, which sits on an island near Lake Constance, is considered the largest castle in Germany.
It was first built as a watchtower by the Romans, who later used it to expand their empire over Europe in the Middle Ages.
After the Romans left, it fell into disrepair and wasn’t renovated until 1977, when restored to its former glory.
Why were castles built in Germany?
The Castles were built to protect Germany’s people from invaders, and the most popular among these castles is Bodensee Castle, which sits on an island near Lake Constance.
This castle was first built as a watchtower by the Romans, who later used it to expand their empire over Europe in the Middle Ages.
After they left, it fell into disrepair but was renovated and expanded for several centuries before being repaired in 1977.
When it was fully restored, one of the oldest parts of the castle became a hotel, while another section was turned into a museum about local history.
What is the oldest castle in Germany?
The oldest castle in Germany is believed to be Bodensee Castle in northern Germany. It was first built as a watchtower by the Romans, who later used it to expand their empire over Europe in the Middle Ages.
After the Roman Empire left, it fell into disrepair and wasn’t renovated until 1977, when restored to its former glory.
Which country has the most castles in the world?
The country with the most castles in Germany, which borders France. There are more than 1500 castles in this region.
Why are there so many castles in Europe?
A lot of the European castles were built as defense mechanisms against military attacks from other countries.
Some of these were attacked and burned to the ground, while others remained standing.